There are a number of regulations, policies and guidelines that govern the care and use of animals in research, testing and teaching. Each institution using animals covered by the Animal Welfare Act must follow the Animal Welfare Regulations. Institutions that received funding from the National Institutes of Health must also follow the Public Health Service Policy (which uses The Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals and the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) Guidelines for the Euthanasia of Animals as it’s primary reference documents). Institutions that are AAALAC-accredited must follow the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals and the other primary references documents that AAALAC uses to evaluate animal care and use programs. In addition to the federal regulations and policies, there may be state and local regulations or policies, and each institution may develop its own policies and guidelines to help manage and implement their specific animal care and use program. All local policies and procedures should comply with the primary guidance documents and be in agreement with the institution’s PHS assurance on file with the Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare (OLAW).
In this section of the website, we provide links to federally-established policies and standards documents (“Federal Policies & Standards”), and provide a comprehensive listing of UMD IACUC-established policies that are aimed at the local implementation of federal statute. Those UMD policies pertaining directly to research activities are provided under “Animal Research Policies,” while those pertaining to specific IACUC functions (such as protocol review) are provided under “Program Policies.”