New UMD 3D Nanoprinting Strategy Opens Pipeline to Revolution in Medicine, Robotics

New UMD 3D Nanoprinting Strategy Opens Pipeline to Revolution in Medicine, Robotics

Engineers at the University of Maryland have created the first 3D-printed fluid circuit element so tiny that 10 could rest on the width of a human hair. This element is a microvalve that ensures fluids move in only a single direction—a critical feature for products like implantable devices that release therapies directly into the body.

Microscale fluid components such as micro channels, valves, and chambers allow and regulate the flow of fluids in a microscopic fluid “circuit” just as components in an electronic Lab on a Chip journal, Royal Society of Chemistrycircuit allow and regulate the flow of electricity. In an electrical circuit, a diode is a one-way valve for electricity. The UMD engineers’ new microfluidic diode represents the first use of a 3D nanoprinting strategy that can remove barriers of cost and time, and open up advancements in the medical use of microfluidic circuits in areas such as personalized medicine and drug delivery.

“Just as shrinking electric circuits revolutionized the field of electronics, the ability to dramatically reduce the size of 3D printed microfluidic circuitry sets the stage for a new era in fields like pharmaceutical screening, medical diagnostics, and microrobotics,” said Ryan Sochol, an assistant professor in mechanical engineering and bioengineering at UMD’s A. James Clark School of Engineering.

Sochol, along with graduate students Andrew Lamont and Abdullah Alsharhan, outlined their new strategy in a paper just published in the open-access journal Nature: Scientific Reports.

Scientists have in recent years tapped into the emerging technology of 3D nanoprinting to build medical devices and create “organ-on-a-chip” systems. But the complexity of pushing pharmaceuticals, nutrients, and other fluids into such small environments without leakage—and the costs of overcoming those complexities—made the technology impractical for most applications requiring precise fluid control.

Instead, researchers were limited to additive manufacturing technologies that print features significantly larger than the new UMD fluid diode.

“This really put a limit on how small your device could be,” said Lamont, a bioengineering student who developed the approach and led the tests as part of his doctoral research. “After all, the microfluidic circuitry in your microrobot can’t be larger than the robot itself.”

The Clark School team says that what sets their strategy apart is its use of a process known as sol-gel, which allowed them to anchor their diode to the walls of a microscale channel printed with a common polymer. The diode’s minute architecture was then printed directly inside of the channel—layer-by-layer, from the top of the channel down.

The result is a fully sealed, 3D microfluidic diode created at a fraction of the cost and in less time than previous approaches.

The strong seal they achieved, which will protect the circuit from contamination and ensure any fluid pushed through the diode isn’t released at the wrong time or place, was further strengthened by a reshaping of the microchannel walls.

“Where previous methods required researchers to sacrifice time and cost to build similar components, our approach allows us to essentially have our cake and eat it too,” Sochol said. “Now, researchers can 3D nanoprint complex fluidic systems faster, cheaper, and with less labor than ever before.”

Sol-gel-based in-situ direct laser writing concept. For full-size image and details: https://go.umd.edu/sol-gel

 

This article originally appeared on UMD Right Now.

January 24, 2019


Prev   Next

Current Headlines

University of Maryland Announces Launch of Research Leaders Fellows Program

Brian O’Neill Named New Director for the Joint Global Change Research Institute

Harnessing Brain Imaging to Understand Child Development

Pines to Teach ‘Grand Challenges’ Course

Air Pollution Contributes More to Environmental Injustices Than Previous Thought

Srinivasan Receives Funding from Google to Advance Contact Tracing Methods

Out of the Shadows

How CHIDS, Welldocs Are Using AI to Improve Health Outcomes

News Resources

Return to Newsroom

Search News

Archived News

Events Resources

Events Calendar

Additional Resources

UM Newsdesk

Faculty Experts

Connect

social iconstwitterlinkedinrssYouTube
Division of Research
University of Maryland
College Park, MD 20742-1541
© Copyright 2017 University of Maryland

Did You Know

The average high school weighted GPA for entering freshmen at UMD is 4.21.